Project Lead(s): Keneth Mitambo
In Kenya, waterborne diseases are the second biggest killer after malaria.
The main cause is people drinking water directly from rivers and contaminated wells; while bacteria from these water sources could be removed by boiling the water, most people are not doing this because of the extra fuel cost and the high cost of fuel.
Smoke from inefficient fires in poorly ventilated homes also makes indoor air pollution (IAP) the fourth biggest killer in the developing world.
The project deployed a fuel-efficient, multi-tasking, biomass stove featuring an innovative built-in jacket that can be filled with five litres of water.
This feature both helps to insulate the stove, making it more efficient, and allows the user to simultaneously boil water whilst cooking.
The rationale of the Jiko Kenya stove project was to introduce these fuel-efficient stoves to meet a number of goals:
· To alleviate the burden on natural resources
· To promote the use of clean cook stoves to reduce child mortality, to support the Millennium Development Goal
· To promote economic development and empowerment of women and youth
· To reduce time spent sourcing wood fuel
· To reduce the incidence of waterborne diseases, as a result of drinking dirty water that was not boiled
· To increase access to clean water.
A total of 600 stoves were produced and 300 households were profiled for the pilot project, to assess changes in attitude towards boiling water before drinking.
A study to identify the impact of the use of the stoves on diarrhea incidence in children was then conducted.
Out of the 300 households studied, 200 households (66%) continuously boiled the water using the Jiko Kenya stove every day, which exceeded the initial target of 60%.
Of those participating in the Jiko Kenya project, 95% of households reported an 80% reduction in the incidence of waterborne diseases, compared to the period before they used the stove.
In Kitui County, the percentage of children who missed school as a result of water-related illnesses was reduced by more than 80%, due to the project.
Thirty households in Kitui were trained in safe water storage to avoid contamination.
The project has developed additional marketing and educational materials, and 2,000 people have been reached during exhibitions and through house-to-house visits.
The project team has submitted a letter of intent for Phase II Transition To Scale funding to scale up the initiative.